Bogor, until August 17, 1945 Buitenzorg, is a city in West Java (Jawa Barat) in Java with a population of about 1 million people. It was the capital of the Dutch East Indies during the English colonial period under the rule of Thomas Stamford Raffles (1811-1815) and was used by the Dutch as the capital of the Dutch East Indies during the dry season.
Bogor is located 54 km south of central Jakarta, at an altitude of about 300 meters above sea level and surrounded by dead volcanoes such as Gunung Gede Pangrango and Gunung Salak. Bogor has more thunderstorms than any other place on earth; the city is therefore known in Indonesia as Kota Hujan, the Rain City.
Bogor is located on the main car route from Jakarta to Bandung, which runs over the Puncak pass. In addition, it is located on the railway line of Jakarta-Bandoeng, where it still has the original station from 1881. South of the city are large coffee and tea plantations (originally built by the Dutch).
Bogor Botanical Gardens
The highlight of Bogor and the main crowd puller is the Botanical Garden. In this green lung of the city you will find 87 hectares of gardens and parks. The complex was founded by the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies and opened in 1817. Many exotic flowers, trees and plants grow, in total about 1500 species. For example, tobacco, tea and cassava grow, but there is also a section with catuses, palm trees and orchids. One of the most famous plants is the rare giant arum, which flowers once every few years and smells like rotting flesh. On the site you will also find some sights, such as a memorial and a cemetery.