Tenggarong is an Indonesian subdistrict in the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.
Tenggarong is also the capital of the Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura. The city was founded on September 28, 1782 by the 15th King Kutai Kartanegara, Aji Muhammad Muslihuddin, also known as Aji Imbut.
Originally the city was named Tepian Pandan when Aji Imbut moved the royal capital from Pemarangan. By Sultan Kutai, the name Tepian Pandan was later changed to Tangga Arung which means the king’s house. But in its development, Arung Ladder is more popular as “Tenggarong” until now.
According to the legend of the Dayak Benuaq from the Ningkah Olo group, the name / word Tenggarong according to the Dayak Benuaq language is “Tengkarukng” derived from the word tengkaq and bengkarukng, tengkaq means to go up or set foot to a higher place (like walking up stairs), bengkarukng is a type of root crops. According to the Benuaq when a group of Benuaqs (possibly descendants of Ningkah Olo) along the Mahakam River headed inland they stopped at a place along the edge of the Mahakam, by climbing the Mahakam river cliff through bengkarukng roots, which is why it is called Tengkarukng by the Malay accent sometimes called “sprain” called Tengkarong, over time the mention changes to Tenggarong. This change is due to the fact that many of the Benuaq languages have consonants that are difficult to pronounce by speakers who usually speak Malay / Indonesian.