Samarinda is the capital of the province of East Kalimantan, on the Indonesian island of Borneo, 50 km from the mouth of the Mahakam River into the sea. The city itself has approximately 335,000 inhabitants. The local government, however, covers a large area, of 718 km², which includes many villages, and a total of approximately 580,000 inhabitants.
The place was founded in 1730 as a trading post. The river, which is kilometers wide in places at high tide, is the main inland trade route and can also be reached by seaworthy ships to Samarinda. Along the river there is industry where the wood is sawn from the interior or processed into plywood. In addition, there is a lively traffic of all kinds of vessels. By road transport one can mainly reach places in the vicinity of Samarinda.